Agitation


Agitation is a serious, disruptive and pathological complication of many chronic psychological disorders, such as schizophrenia and mania. There are approximately five million adults in Europe afflicted by psychotic disorders. Agitation is defined by the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” as an “excessive motor activity associated with a feeling of inner tension.”

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    Cause & Symptoms
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    Everyday life

Causes

Agitation can be the cause of a psychiatric emergency. This is a condition that is often caused by a psychological disorder and that requires immediate action to avoid a risk to life or other serious consequences. It requires immediate treatment focusing on the acute symptoms. The exact processes of agitation have not yet been fully investigated. However it is assumed that it is caused by abnormalities in the brain’s neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine and others).

Symptoms 

Symptoms include increased restlessness, wringing of the hands, clenching hands into fists, talking quickly and hurriedly, shouting or threatening other people. The degree of escalation of the patient’s agitation is unpredictable.